The CNC router
has injected a revolution into the cutting and engraving industry. With the invention of this device, the work of cutting and engraving has become quite convenient.
Computer-controlled machines reduce physical labor, saving a lot of time and money.
With the help of CNC routers,
you can achieve the precision you dream of. It can redesign any type of design on different types of materials from any angle.
This device is the savior of people engaged in woodworking related work. But to take full advantage of it, you need to know the whereabouts of this machine clearly.
Once you know how to use it, you will be able to win the hearts of your customers with intricate and subtle designs.
Here, we will discuss CNC and its speed in detail; let's start with the definition.
The motivation behind choosing a CNC router is to carve and cut wood in a shorter time with little or no errors. While it increases productivity, it also produces high-quality products. To achieve the best results, you need to determine the technical details of the equipment.
Familiarize yourself with your CNC router
and its functions to increase productivity. The precision of the cutting that can be boasted depends on the feed used in the engraving machine.
In most cases, you may have observed the hand-in-hand work of feed and speed. The reason is that both are the keys to reaching the desired destination.
If there is no speed, the feed cannot be operated, and vice versa. One represents the input rate, and the other represents the cutting speed of the router. Although the speeds of the two are different, the results of their work are similar.
Feed rate: It is the speed required by the tool during one spindle rotation. This is one of the important factors that must be considered when implementing a CNC router. The measurement of the feed rate unit is the distance of each spindle rotation:
Cutting speed: It is the speed of the tool when cutting or engraving materials. The relative speed of the material and the tool surface is the cutting speed. It is a constant, and its unit is m/min (meters per minute) or SFM (surface feet per minute).
Revolutions per minute: Rotation speed is an important factor in measuring the rotation frequency. It implies the number of rotations completed around a set axis in one minute. This speed is constantly changing.
Chip load: It is the thickness of the material removed by the cutting edge during cutting. Chip load is also called inch per tooth (IPT).
Chip load calculation
The thickness and size of the chips depend on the forward movement of the tool and the rotation of the spindle. Therefore, if you want to change the statistics of the chip, you need to change these two factors. The following is a simple formula for calculating this important chip load:
Chip load = feed rate / RPM * runner (cutting edge)
To change the load, you need:
1. Reduce chip load, for this you should:
2. To enhance the chip load, you need to:
For better results, it is always wise to manufacture chips, not dust, because it has various functions. Here are some of the most popular examples:
It has an effect on the surface finish of the material.
It controls heat, which can cause tool wear.
It manages settings to optimize the material cutting of the job.
Affect the material removal rate and directly affect the processing time.
You can also calculate the chip load online by providing the values of other variants.
Calculation of speed and feed
To get an accurate result, make sure to maintain proper chip load. This in turn requires you to use the correct speed and feed, which depends on many factors. When you find the best feed rate and speed, you can go one step further and get the best output.